SARS-CoV-2 : Credit NIAID, RML

Editorial : COVID-19, a pandemic or not? The Lancet Infectious Diseases March 13 2020

Pandemics: Risks, Impacts, and Mitigation.

Madhav N, Oppenheim B, Gallivan M, Mulembakani P, Rubin E, Wolfe N.

In: Jamison DT, Gelband H, Horton S, Jha P, Laxminarayan R, Mock CN, Nugent R, editors. Disease Control Priorities: Improving Health and Reducing Poverty. 3rd edition. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank; 2017 Nov 27. Chapter 17. PMID: 30212163 Free Books & Documents

What Is a Pandemic?

Grennan D. JAMA. 2019 Mar 5;321(9):910. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.0700. No abstract available.PMID: 30835310

Black Death – Pestilence – Great Bubonic Plague or Simply Plague – Fourteenth Century Europe Asia – Bacterium Yersinia Pestis

Spanish Flu or Swine Flu of 1918 – Pandemic during World War I
1918 Spanish Flu
Spanish Flu – Ted Talk
Asian Influenza 1957 H2N2 Influenza – Pandemic
The Silent Invader
Vaccine against Asian Influena -promotion
Hong Kong Influenza 1968

As in 1957, a new influenza pandemic arose in Southeast Asia and acquired the sobriquet Hong Kong influenza on the basis of the site of its emergence to western attention. Once again, the daily press sounded the alarm with a brief report of a large Hong Kong epidemic in the Times of London. A decade after the 1957 pandemic, epidemiologic communication with mainland China was even less efficient than it had been earlier.

Influenza pandemics of the 20th century.

Kilbourne ED. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jan;12(1):9-14.PMID: 16494710 Free PMC Article

SARS 2003 Outbreak
SARS 2003 Hong Kong
H1N1 Influenza 2009
H!N1 Flu
H1N! Influenza Labelled as a Pandemic
H1N! Infections
MERS 2012 Saudi Arabia – 2015 (27 Countries)
Ebola Outbreak 2014
Ebola Outbreak
Ebola Ted Talk
Swine Flu H1N1 Outbreak (2015) India
585 claimed in India by Swine Flu
Zika Virus 2015-16
Zika Virus 2015-2016
Zika Virus in Americas
Bill Gates on Outbreaks
COVID-19 – A Pandemic with a Difference
Bill Gates – Ted Talk
Allana Shaikh
CNN On March 26
History of Pandemics – Lessons to be learned

SARS-CoV-2: virus dynamics and host response

Lancet : Published:March 23, 2020DOI:

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